Lake Natron is located in northern Tanzania on the border with Kenya, near the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and is dominated by the sacred mountain of the Masai, Ol Doinyo Lengai. The lake is a breeding ground for thousands of flamingos, which feed on algae in the lake. The volcanic active area around the lake has numerous waterfalls and gorges.
In total, the lake is about 60 km long and 20 km wide, but since it is mainly fed by rainfall, its extent varies greatly. At the height of the dry season it can shrink to about 1 km width. Sometimes the shallow lake dries up completely and leaves a white salt crust. Accordingly, the area of the soda lake varies between 800 square kilometers at the end of the rainy season and one square kilometer towards the end of the dry season, depending on how much rain has fallen in the region.
Flamingos are the only more highly developed creatures that can settle in the hot, stuffy world of Lake Natron, thanks to the algae growing rapidly in the fresh water with no runoff. Most of the flam population use Lake Natron as a safe breeding ground
When to visit
It’s very hard to predict the arrival of the migratory flamingos. Due to the increasing road quality a visit all year round (even during the big rains) is now possible.